Robin Hood Outlaw Legend of Loxley
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Robin Hood Loxley
Robin Hood Home Loxley
Robin Hood Territory
Robin Hoods Grave
Little John Hathersage
Outlaws in Hathersage
Royal Forest of the Peak
Tickhill Castle
Sheriff of Nottingham
Maid Marian
Robin Hood Nottingham
May Day Celebrations
The Hunting
Church Lees
Pictures of Derbyshire
King Richard I
King John
The Crusades
Sheriffs and Bishops
Robin Hood Candidates
The Geste
Forest Life
Hereward The Wake
Poll Tax Riots
Loxley History
Loxley Genealogy
Family Trees
Whats in a Name
Nottingham Sheriffs
Steepest Sheffield Hill
Norman Conquest

The Hunting

A Hunting Lodge at Sandygate, Sheffield. Higher up the road and overlooking Loxley the Lord of the Manor had a hunting lodge. He was the Earl of Huntingdon.


During the Ice Age at nearby Castleton there were sabre-toothed tigers, grizzly bears and bison and their bones can be seen in the British Museum in London and at Manchester. At nearby Loxley was Rivelin Firth which was a vast pasturage forest, abounding with trees of fine growth and some of the finest timber in England was to be found there. It is said that a squirrel could travel from tree to tree for seven miles in a straight line without going to ground. The trees were so large that on one occasion two men on horseback, one on either side of a felled tree could not see the top hat of the other man, the trunk was so huge. The spread of one mighty oak provided shade for two hundred and fifty one cattle, which was quite a gift for the ship builders.

The hunting was excellent and as the seasons came round, the Lord of the Manor invited his many high-ranking friends both English and Scots, to join him for the hunting and hawking. At this time, Hallam Head was thronged with men of rank who came to enjoy the sport with their host and his neighbouring squires.


Thornseat Lodge, a Game Keepers House.


There were red and black grouse, partridges, herons, curlews, hares, red deer, fallow deer, roe, the wild boar, the wolf, the fox, the badger and perhaps the otter. There were bears, wild bulls, as well as wild duck, pheasants, and partridges. All these animals and birds were hunted with horse, hound, falcon, and hawk, which was the most ancient of sports in which kings, princes, nobles, squires, yeomen, and retainers were permitted to join. The manor of Hallam had a strong appeal to the sporting instincts of the Saxon noble who was devoted to the pleasures of the chase.


It is unlikely that in any other part of his vast estates in England, could the Lord of the manor get such variety of accessible sport, and in Saxon times there were few manors south of Hallam that could boast a grouse-moor of similar size except perhaps on the Welsh border extending into Milbank Forest and also in Devon. The hunting was so good in this part of England that William the Conqueror created for himself the “Royal Forest of the Peak” which covered 180 square miles from Longdale to the Wye Valley. It included Bakewell, Tideswell, Buxton, Chapel-En-Le-Frith, Castleton, Brough, Hope, Hayfield, Glossop, and north over the Dark Peak into the Yorkshire Dales, with Edale Cross (near Winn Hill) being at its centre. This cross also marks the boundary of the land given to the Abbey of Basingwerke near Holywell, Flintshire in 1157.

To illustrate the fierceness with which the nobility protected their hunting rights, the Forest Laws sacrificed the interests of all classes of subjects in order that the King should have an abundance of red deer. But it had always been possible for the yeoman freeholder to kill, upon his own farm, the game that wandered over it from the surrounding estates of game preservers, except in the Royal Forests where the laws were much stricter. To prevent the taking of grouse etc. a law was introduced that prevented the yeoman farmer from killing game that had strayed onto his own land thus robbing numerous poor families of many good meals that were theirs by right and for countless generations grave social consequences flowed from the excessive eagerness of the nobility regarding the preservation of the game.

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